Determination of protective and risk factors associated with Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) are among the most important pathways to develop prevention strategies for IGD. Previous research has shown that familial factors are associated with IGD. In latest study scientists aimed to assess the parental attitude of adolescents with IGD and investigate psychiatric co-morbidity
In this latest research paper published in Pediatrics International ( 2020 Mar 18 ) scientists assessed family structure, family relationship, parental attitude (in a bi-directional assessment), and psychiatric co-morbidity in 50 adolescents aged 12-18 years who meet DSM 5 criteria for IGD in comparison with control group. Parental attitudes are assessed with Parental Attitude Research Instrument (PARI) (filled by mother) and Parenting Style Inventory (PSI) (filled by adolescents)
Findings suggest that according to mothers’ opinions there was no significant difference in the subscale scores between the IGD and the control group. On the other hand, acceptance-involvement and psychological autonomy subscale scores of the PSI filled by adolescents were found to be significantly lower in the IGD group. Limit-setting in areas other than the internet was significiently less in the IGD group. Also, high rates of psychiatric comorbidity were found in adolescents with IGD.
Finally scientists conclude that adolescents with IGD perceived their parents “cared less about them” and “minded less on their autonomy” compared with the control group. This survey demonstrated that parental attitudes may be among the risk factors for IGD and the presence of psychiatric comorbidity may affect the management of IGD.